The rapid development of modern logistics has led to the development, manufacture and promotion of logistics handling robots. AGV robots emerge from time to time. AGV robots are also known as unmanned handling robots. Born in 1953, it was transformed from a tractor tractor. After more than 60 years of development, the AGV robot has developed into a modern large-scale logistics handling and distribution artifact.
AGV robots can achieve unmanned driving, mainly relying on the role of navigation and guidance. The main technologies currently used for navigation guidance are: coordinate navigation, electromagnetic navigation, tape navigation, optical navigation, laser navigation, inertial navigation, visual navigation, GPS Navigation and other technologies. Great progress has been made in high-precision positioning and navigation technology, and the accuracy is also breathtaking. The typical accuracy is typically 5 to 10 cm, and it can reach 2 cm in an ideal unobstructed environment, while the new generation of high-precision positioning can reach 1 mm.
Among several navigation technologies, electromagnetic navigation is a traditional technology, and many systems are still being used. Tape navigation is similar to electromagnetic navigation technology, one is guided by buried metal wires and the other is guided by ground tape. Visual navigation uses color difference to let the machine automatically recognize the active path. Laser navigation does not require other auxiliary facilities, and the robot uses a laser beam to determine the path. In terms of cost, one is more expensive than one, and laser navigation is the most expensive. In terms of accuracy, one is more expensive than one, and laser navigation is the most expensive.
AGV robots are mainly used in large warehouse storage, logistics transportation, and in-plant supply chains, but there are also many uses in the fields of industrial manufacturing, automobile assembly, and power petrochemicals. In addition, they can also be promoted and applied in intelligent buildings, smart pensions, digital computer rooms and other places. Because the AGV robot's precise positioning function is powerful, it can also be used for construction transportation and personnel safety management in highway tunnels, railway tunnels, underground pipe corridors and other places. (This article comes from the Internet)
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